On the average, a pregnant woman will gain about 6kg in the second trimester and 12kg all through the pregnancy. The implication of this is that about half the weight gain experienced during pregnancy occurs in the second trimester. Some women experience excessive weight gain during this period that they find it difficult to drop the weight gain even after delivery. Out of the total weight gain during the second trimester, only about 1kg goes to the baby. Some will go into the development of the uterus and the breast while the others will be distributed as body fluid. The remaining excess will be all yours after delivery. A balanced diet with reasonable proportion of the essential nutrient is more relevant than excess binging on diets that favors your appetite. Carbohydrate and fat rich foods are notorious for causing excess weight gain. Excess weight gain is a risk factor for preeclampsia (hypertension and protein in the urine in pregnancy) and diabetes mellitus in pregnancy. Excess weight gain also makes you tired and slow
What should I do about this nagging heart burn?
Heart burn in pregnancy, technically known as oesophagitis or gastritis is one of the commonest complaints of pregnancy. It is usually due to the relaxation of the valve between the oesophagus and stomach caused by the hormone progesterone. This relaxed valve allow acid contents from the stomach to get to an unfamiliar environment in the oesophagus leading to a burning sensation felt behind the rib cage.
The same surge of hormone explains the feeling of indigestion felt most times during pregnancy.
The way to alleviate symptoms of this nature is to sit upright during meals as this will reduce the compression on the stomach. Eat small quantities of food at frequent intervals and avoid fatty, highly spiced or pickled foods which worsen symptoms. Try and avoid going to bed immediately after eating and while sleeping maintain your head slightly elevated with more than one pillow. A cup of natural yoghurt before meals and bed time or a glass of milk could be beneficial. There are also antacids that can be made available to you by prescription from your doctors.